Flood in Pakistan have affected millions of people, many have drowned, and the government has declared a state of emergency.
The National Disaster Management Authority estimates that approximately 1,000 people have died in the past year. As people seek shelter, tents have been torn down and lined the streets in Sukkur.
Around 15,500 people gave their best in the Thatta district’s 1,000-kilometer-long coast region.
Flood waters have swallowed up all of the life savings that people have saved through years of hard work to help pay for their children’s education.
Residents are concerned that stagnant water could spread water-borne diseases. Residents who want to go home to salvage their lives haven’t been able to find any comfort because Sindh province has experienced rainy weather for the whole week. After the devastation, many of the walls that once protected the city’s heart have been left intact.
What is a flood?
Flooding is an abnormally high water level in streams and rivers that causes flooding. Flooding is when an area that is usually dry becomes submerged by rising water levels. Floods can occur in the Caribbean due to heavy rainfall, floods, levee failures, and tsunamis.
Flash floods can happen within minutes or hours after excessive rainfall or a dam. Flash floods can often be accompanied by a wall of roaring water that carries rocks, mud, and other debris.
Flooding in the lowlands is the most common form of flooding. This happens when rivers and streams flood their banks with rainwater, causing flooding in nearby areas. It can also happen when underground pipes, streets, or drains that are designed to transport flood water away from urban areas are not sufficient.
The Causes of Flood in Pakistan
Extreme weather and precipitation caused by climate change are the causes of the recent flood in Pakistan. Flooding along the beaches causes havoc in coastal areas.
High tides at the coast are responsible for heavy flooding. This is due to the increasing global average temperature.
Floods cause mostly by two factors. Experts stressed that severe rains and cyclones, along with rising ocean temperatures and expanding seawater due to glaciers and Arctic sea ice melting, are all major causes of sea level rise.
Subsidence and lifting can also impact sea level without affecting ocean water. This is due to tectonic activity like water, gas, and oil extraction.
There is a direct correlation between climate change and changes in monsoon rains. In recent years, Pakistan has experienced flooding and intense monsoon rains.
The most popular big flood in Pakistan
The following information pertains to major floods in Pakistan.
1 Flood in Pakistan in 2005
Flood in Pakistan in 2005. Floodwaters from the Chenab and Tavi rivers inundated 90 villages and thousands of acres of agricultural land in Sialkot and Gujranwala. Floods severely damaged seasonal crops, and different reports of animals to swept away and mud houses falling. According to the most recent reports, water levels in Trimmu’s River Tavi and River Chenab were steadily declining as of July 12, 2005.
From July 13 to July 20, 2005, the International Rescue Committee, Pakistan, would distribute 2,000 food boxes and 60, 000 sandbags funded by USAID to the affected people of Charsadda, Nowshera, and Peshawar districts. Islamic Relief will provide feed for 1,000 large animals to the most vulnerable families in Charsadda, Peshawar.
2 Flood in Pakistan in 2010
Indus River Floods of 2010: Indus River flood in Pakistan, in late July and August 2010, led to a humanitarian catastrophe that considers one of the worst in Pakistani history. Floods that affected 20 million people destroyed their homes, crops, and infrastructure, leaving millions of people vulnerable to waterborne diseases and malnutrition.
Around 1.6 million homes destroy or damaged, leaving approximately 14 million people without homes.
Flash floods were caused by record monsoon rainfall in Pakistan’s mountainous northwest on July 22. Unprecedented amounts of rainwater overwhelmed flood defenses, washing away roads and bridges.
3 Flood in Pakistan in 2022
Three people to also killed in landslides, and floods in 2022, which occurred in Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Authorities in Nowshera also requested that evacuations be conducted immediately due to the “very high flood” on the Kabul River.
Similar videos share on social media show bridges, roads, and hotels submerged underwater, as well as people fleeing their homes. This is why the army requested to rescue people.
Many people were able to save their families. But others weren’t so fortunate. Many women and their children live under the open skies. Why? They lost their homes due to floods in 2022, and flood water is still on the streets.
The Flood in Pakistan killed nearly a thousand people, many of them children. Today, the death toll stands at 1061. 1575 people to also injured. These floods caused more than 3.5 million people to be displaced and destroyed over 99,280 homes in the country.
Very challenging time for Pakistani people
Weather authorities reported that Pakistan received twice the usual monsoon rainfall. However, Balochistan, Sindh, and Sindh provinces saw more than the average over the past three decades.
He said that Pakistan was experiencing a “very difficult time” in the past and that there were more floods.
The flooding will continue for 24 to 48 hours. This is alarming. If that happens, I believe more families and more people affected.
Much of the country was suffering from a heatwave and drought earlier this year, with temperatures reaching 51 degrees Celsius in Sindh province.
Who is the most affected by the flood in Pakistan?
During humanitarian crises, women and girls are often the most vulnerable.
The IRC’s needs assessment found that 87% of respondents said that girls and women don’t have access to safe latrine facilities, while 84% reported that girls and women don’t have the necessary hygiene supplies. Another 63% of respondents stated that pregnant or lactating mothers were extremely vulnerable.
The safety of over 1,000,000 Afghan refugees living in Pakistan is also a concern to the IRC. Around a third of Afghan refugees living in Pakistan are located in the Balochistan or Sindh provinces. These areas have seen an increase in heavy rainfall by 784% and 500%, respectively.
How many people died from flooding in Pakistan?
Monsoon rain continues to impact most of the country, causing flooding, flash floods, and landslides, which have caused an increase in casualties and damage. In the last 24 hours, 28 people have died, most of them in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 48 others also had injuries. 1,061 people have died since the start of the monsoon season, including almost 360 children. In total, 1,575 people injuring, and over 33 million people affects in Gilgit-Balochistan. The most affected areas assist by national authorities and humanitarian partners. (ECHO 29 Aug 2022)
75 people died in floods or other weather-related incidents in the last 24 hours. Most of these deaths were in Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports that more than 33 million people were affected by floods and more than 1,000,000 houses are to be damaged or destroyed as of August 29th. In the country, 1,136 people died. (ECHO, 30 Aug 2022).
How many city houses are destroyed by floods in Pakistan?
Since the last Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot on August 27, the number of houses that were damaged or destroyed in Pakistan more than tripled. The approximately 950,000 affected houses as of August 27. The number of destroyed/damaged houses at the provincial level has more than tripled since last week in Sindh (to more than 807,000 houses), and more than doubled for Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, (to more than 61,500 homes) respectively. More than 46,300 houses in Punjab destroy or damaged, which is 18,500 more than the week before. To complement the larger government response, a flood response plan develops. It aims to assist approximately 5.2 million flood-affected people over the next six months. (OCHA, 31 August 2022).
How is the government helping people affected by floods in Pakistan?
Flood in Pakistan has decimated lives, livelihoods, and infrastructure due to an unprecedented monsoon season. It is a “serious global climate catastrophe,” according to its climate minister.
Since June, the flood has affected 33 million Pakistanis. The flooding has already claimed the lives of more than 1,100 people, including hundreds of children. This number will likely rise.
Over a million houses, 2 million acres of crops, and 3,000 miles of roads were damaged. Half a million people now live in displacement camps, while many others leave without shelter and are scrambling to reach higher ground.
Flash flooding victims need immediate assistance, including emergency rescue, temporary shelter, as well as basic needs such as water, food, hygiene, and medical aid. These supplies deliver to communities by both local and international non-profits, who also work with government rescue operations.
The Prime Minister Flood Relief Fund 20022 is an appeal made jointly by Pakistan and the U.N. to meet the humanitarian needs of over 5 million people. The U.N. pledged $160 million for “food security, assistance in agriculture and livestock, shelter, non-food items and nutrition programs, primary healthcare services, protection and sanitation, women’s and children’s health, The fund was also donated by individuals.
Pakistan hits by a devastating natural disaster, The country inundates by widespread flooding that affected 20 million Pakistanis. The significant humanitarian and economic consequences for Pakistan and the security implications for the United States interests in the region have prompted Congressional attention to the flooding. The flooding has resulted in $9.7 billion worth of damage.